How to Properly Brush and Floss Your Teeth: A Step-by-Step Guide

Proper oral hygiene is essential for maintaining healthy teeth and gums. Brushing and flossing are the two most important things you can do to keep your mouth clean and healthy. In this article, we’ll provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to properly brush and floss your teeth.

Why Brushing and Flossing are Important

Brushing and flossing help to remove plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that can build up on your teeth and cause tooth decay and gum disease. Plaque can also harden into tartar, which can only be removed by a dental professional.

When you brush and floss regularly, you can prevent the buildup of plaque and tartar, which can help you avoid serious dental problems. In addition, proper oral hygiene can help you maintain fresh breath and a bright smile.

How to Properly Brush Your Teeth

Step 1: Choose the Right Toothbrush and Toothpaste

Choose a toothbrush with soft bristles that fits comfortably in your mouth. Hard bristles can damage your gums and teeth. Use a toothpaste that contains fluoride, which helps to strengthen your teeth and prevent tooth decay.

Step 2: Wet Your Toothbrush and Apply Toothpaste

Wet your toothbrush and apply a pea-sized amount of toothpaste to the bristles.

Step 3: Position Your Toothbrush

Hold your toothbrush at a 45-degree angle to your teeth. Place the bristles against the surface of your teeth and gums.

Step 4: Brush Your Teeth

Use gentle circular motions to brush your teeth. Brush the front, back, and top surfaces of your teeth. Be sure to brush your tongue as well to remove bacteria and freshen your breath.

Step 5: Rinse Your Mouth and Toothbrush

Rinse your mouth with water and spit out the toothpaste. Rinse your toothbrush with water and store it in a clean, dry place.

How to Properly Floss Your Teeth

Step 1: Choose the Right Type of Floss

Choose a floss that feels comfortable in your mouth. Some people prefer waxed floss, while others prefer unwaxed floss. You can also choose between flavored and unflavored floss.

Step 2: Break off a Piece of Floss

Break off a piece of floss that is about 18 inches long. Wrap the ends around your middle fingers, leaving about 2 inches of floss in between.

Step 3: Hold the Floss Tightly

Hold the floss tightly between your thumbs and forefingers. Gently slide the floss between your teeth using a back-and-forth motion.

Step 4: Curve the Floss

Curve the floss around the base of each tooth, making sure to go beneath the gumline. Be gentle and avoid snapping the floss against your gums, as this can cause bleeding and irritation.

Step 5: Use a Fresh Section of Floss

Use a fresh section of floss for each tooth. Make sure to floss both sides of each tooth, including the back teeth.

Step 6: Rinse Your Mouth

Rinse your mouth with water to remove any loosened plaque or food particles.


Proper oral hygiene is crucial for maintaining a healthy mouth. Brushing and flossing are the two most important things you can do to keep your teeth and gums healthy. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can ensure that you are brushing and flossing properly and effectively. In addition to brushing and flossing, be sure to visit your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings. With proper oral hygiene, you can maintain a healthy, beautiful smile for years to come.